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Tuesday, April 5, 2011

argumentative essay...

Before Writing...

J  Brainstorm ideas on the subject.
J  Identify the main topics.
J  Use these topics as headings for organising your notes.
J  Decide which side you are on i.e. which arguments are most convincing. Make sure you choose the side that you can fully support.
J  Plan and write an outline for your essay noting down the information you will include in each paragraph.

Introductory Paragraph

Your introduction should:
ü  Introduce the topic with a general statement
ü  State why it is important
ü  State there is a difference of opinion about this topic
ü  Thesis statement must state what YOUR claim is and can include the  “parts” of the argument you are going to state.

Body Paragraphs

>        Arguments for:  The reasons “parts” of your thesis statement will be in your body paragraphs. 
>        Give clear arguments for your claim with support (examples, statistics, explanations, etc.)
>        Use transition words as you move from paragraph to paragraph (Firstly, secondly, furthermore, in addition, moreover, finally).
>        You can also use any of the transitions from the other essay types as long as they are appropriate for your argument. (You may want to compare/contrast things, give reasons/results, descriptions, definitions etc.)

Refutation Paragraph

v  This is also used to support your claim.
v  Use the counter arguments to show that your idea is the stronger one.
v  Do not focus only on the opposing ideas.

Useful words and phrases
could be claimed
It                      may be  asserted  that...   However,
might be  argued

Concluding paragraph

Your conclusion should:
  • Restate the main claim
  • Present one or two general sentences which accurately summarise your arguments which support the main premise
  • Provide a general warning of the consequences of not following the premise that you put forward and/or a general statement of how the community will benefit from following that premise